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5 Wild Rattlesnake Facts

Rattlesnakes are known for their signature rattling sound, and venomous bite. One bite from a rattlesnake can create dangerous health conditions, and could be deadly. If you see a rattlesnake, use caution and leave it alone. This article will discuss some interesting facts about these deadly pit vipers that you might not have known.

Internal Birth

Rattlesnakes lay eggs as all reptiles do. However, they are an ovoviviparous species. This means that the mother produces and retains the eggs internally until after they hatch. The usual brood of tiny rattlesnakes will range from 5-12 snakes, each about 6-8 inches long. Rattlesnakes only reproduce once every 2 years and will carry the eggs for about 90 days.

Growing Rattles

When a rattlesnake is born, its rattle is very small. In fact, it is just the tip of the tail. Each time a rattlesnake molts it’s skin, the rattle gains an extra tier. Because of this, the signature rattler can show the snake’s age.

How Does The Tail Make Noise?

It may surprise you, but a rattlesnake tail is not a natural maraca. The rattles are segments of a protein called keratin, which is what our nails are made of. There are smaller, ringed segments of keratin found within the tail, loosely fit within. As the snake shakes its tail, the interior keratin vibrates and hits the outer shell. This creates the signature rattlesnake sound.

The Most Evolved Snake

Scientists have concluded that rattlesnakes are the “newest or most recently evolved” species of snakes, according to the San Diego Zoo. Their rattle is a highly evolved predator-avoidance system. Their rattling noise can help them shoo off predators, and scare away humans.
Additionally, the pits below a rattlesnake’s eyes are an important evolution. Rattlesnakes are part of a class of snakes known as pit vipers. Pit vipers have an eye adaptation where the heat-sensitive pits allow them to see prey in total darkness.

Rattlesnake Species

There are about 30 different species of rattlesnake, living across North and South America. Only 2 live in New York, the Timber Rattlesnake and the Massasauga. The Timber Rattlesnake is the only species to live in New Jersey. Arizona is the state with the largest range of rattler species, with 13 different types living there. Rattlesnake species are highly varied across the hemisphere; living in swamps, deserts, forests, grasslands, mountains, and more. Some species in colder regions will even hibernate during the winter. The snake’s color can vary greatly by species.

We specialize in the humane removal of snakes, squirrels, and other pests in the New York/New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-962-0376 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

Protecting Your Home Against Wildlife in the Spring

As Spring draws ever closer, it is important to consider how to prepare your home against wild animal invaders. As many mammals come out of hibernation, and birds return from their migration, animal-proofing your home can save you a lot of trouble down the road.

Inspect for Exterior Damage

Many animals breach the home via small cracks or holes in the house. These are most often found on the roof, along the eaves, or down near the foundation. If there is any exterior damage to your house, you may have more problems than just an animal invasion. Unchecked, exterior damage can cause drafts, leaks, and more. Identifying and repairing any exterior damage can help reduce the risk of further issues down the line.

Declutter the Attic and Basement

Pest animals love to hide out in attics or basements. This is especially true for cluttered and messy areas. Clutter provides plenty of hiding places, as well as materials for nesting. Clean up and declutter these areas to reduce the risk of a pest infestation.

Clean up the Backyard

Clear out debris and overgrown plants early, to help reduce overgrowth and clutter. Animals can make use of yard debris and overgrown plants to make shelters. Cleaning out the backyard early helps prevent animals from moving in, come Springtime.

Invest in Your Trash Cans

It may seem odd, but you should invest in stronger, sturdier, and locking trash cans. Strong trash cans can prevent pest animals like raccoons and skunks from using your garbage cans as a food source. This can help prevent them from coming to your property for a meal. Furthermore, it will reduce the amount of post-feeding cleanup you will have to do. Animals like to live close to food sources and may seek out shelter nearby. By investing in stronger garbage cans, you can prevent damage costs in the future.

We specialize in the humane removal of raccoons, opossums, and other pests in the New York/New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-962-0376 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

Rat Sightings On the Rise During the Pandemic

Rat sightings have been on the rise since the beginning of the pandemic. While it may seem like rats and pandemics go hand in hand, thanks to the Black Plague, the cause of this is something else entirely. Rats forage for any kind of food that they can get. There are two main reasons that people have been finding more rats near or in their homes recently. This article will explore those reasons.

Restaurants at the Beginning of the Pandemic

Rats are no stranger to dining out. But as the pandemic closed restaurants or limited their capacities, less food was kept in stock. Moreso, less food waste went to the trash bins. As such, many rats had to look elsewhere for a meal. Many restaurant-dwelling rats had to branch out to residential properties to find food.

Rats & Stay at Home Orders

So with the pandemic in full-swing, the rats have moved from the restaurants that were no longer fruitful and found their next meal in residential trash bins and pantries. Rats like to sneak in and swipe food. But this can be hard to do when everyone is staying at home. Because of more people staying home, rats are being spotted more often.

Restaurants Reopening

As restaurants continue to serve the public through the pandemic, hungry rats may swarm them. Many restaurants are reporting more rampant rat issues. As restaurants are keeping smaller food quantities for the pandemic, a swarm of rats can take a bigger chunk of the supply.

Rats and Spreading Disease

Rats are well-known for spreading diseases. A rat in the US can carry and transmit more than 35 diseases, such as Leptospirosis, Hantavirus, Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis, Rat-bite fever, Salmonellosis, and Tularemia. Many of these can be dangerous for you and your family. However, there is little evidence of rats contracting or spreading COVID-19. According to the CDC, laboratory mice “do not seem to become infected or spread the infection.”

We specialize in the humane removal of raccoons, opossums, and other pests in the New York/New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-962-0376 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

Ways to Deter Wild Animals From Your Property

Deterring wild animals from intruding on your property can be a challenge. Raccoons, mice, squirrels, skunks and more like to use homes or sheds for shelter when possible, as they provide good weather protection throughout the year. This article will explore possible ways to deter wild animals from living on or near your property.

Install a Sturdy Fence

While it might not stop all animals from intruding on your property, a sturdy fence can make a difference. A fence that stands about 5 feet high, and is buried about 1 foot underground is recommended. The height can discourage some animals from climbing it, while the depth can reduce the risk of animals digging under it.

Secure Your Trash Cans

Animal-proof trash cans will often deter a variety of dumpster diving critters. Opossums, raccoons, skunks, and more may be deterred if they can’t get free food. Removing the possibility of an easy meal is an important factor in preventing animal intrusion.

Inspect for Entry Points

Damage to the attics, walls, foundation, or basement can provide animals with a potential entry point. Smaller animals such as rats or mice need only a small crack to gain entry into your home. If you find any holes or signs of damage, get them repaired before they are used by animals to enter your home.

Dogs as Deterrence

A dog can be a good deterrence factor for your home. Dogs are natural hunters with sensitive senses. They can be territorial to intruding animals. Additionally, the scent of a dog can act as a deterrence system for pest animals that may consider it a predator. Be careful not to leave food for the dog unattended in the yard, as it may attract pest animals. Your dog should not be left unattended outside, as it may interact with pest animals in a violent manner. This could expose your dog to a number of diseases that can be harmful to their health; as well as that of your family.

We specialize in the humane removal of raccoons, opossums, and other pests in the New York/New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-962-0376 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

Why do Raccoons Eat Trash?

Raccoon in Trash CanRaccoons are well-known for being expert dumpster divers. But, why do these little bandits frequent our trash cans? Raccoons, especially in urban areas, love to jump in or knock over trash cans for food. This article will explore why raccoons scavenge through our garbage, and how to reduce the risk of them making a mess in your bins.

Country vs City Raccoons

In the wild, raccoons have a diverse, omnivorous diet. They will hunt for fish, frogs, insects, small rodents, and bird eggs. They can eat a variety of plants, including wild berries and nuts. However, a raccoon in the countryside may have to travel up to 15 miles to find sufficient food.
Raccoons that live in urban areas can find bountiful meals in the trash. Because of this, they may only have to travel up to a ¼ mile to find enough food. While urban areas pose their own challenges, such as dodging cars and avoiding humans, food can be found almost anywhere.

What Trash do Raccoons Eat?

Raccoons are not picky eaters, so they will feast on pretty much anything in your trash can, as long as it isn’t spoiled. Despite being scavenging creatures, raccoons tend to avoid rotten food unless absolutely necessary. Raccoons will eat plant and meat scraps they can find. They can easily dig through other items in the trash to get to the food scraps.

Securing your Garbage Cans

Raccoons can make quite a large mess in order to get the food in your trash bin. To avoid cleaning up after these pesky dumpster divers, there are a few ways you can secure your trash bins. First, consider investing in animal-proof bins. Raccoon-proof bins with locking covers can reduce the risk of wild animals eating your garbage and making a mess. If you live in an area with bears, you may want to consider going a step further and investing in bear-proof trash cans.
Securing your bins can be a good way to limit mealtime at your trash cans. If your bins do not have locking lids, consider using a bungee cord to secure the tops. Because raccoons like to knock over cans, consider tying them to your fence when not out on the curb. Raccoons can scare easy, and do not like bright light. Motion sensor flood lights by your garbage pails can scare these critters away.

Safety and Raccoons

If there is a raccoon in your trash, do not approach or corner it. Raccoons can attack if they feel threatened. Instead, make loud noises from afar. Often, this will be enough to scare it off. If the raccoon does not leave, move away safely and call a humane animal removal specialist. Do not engage the raccoon. Raccoons can carry a number of diseases, including rabies. If you or a loved one is attacked by a raccoon, wash the wound with soap and warm water, and seek medical attention.

We specialize in the humane removal of raccoons, opossums, and other pests in the New York/New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-962-0376 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

Does My Attic Need Repairs After Animal Exclusion?

After an animal lives in your attic, it will probably need some major repairs and clean up. If your home was invaded by raccoons, bats, squirrels, or other critters; you may need some serious work. Animals can create several issues that need to be addressed, from contamination to fire hazards.


When wild animals are removed from your attic, it is vital to find entry points and repair them immediately. If left open, these entryways can allow other animals to move right in.

Animal Waste and Parasites

Everybody poops, and the pests living in your attic are no exception. Wild animals can be the host to an array of bacteria and parasites that can be expelled via fecal matter. This waste can seep through the attic floor or flow into your air ducts, which can harm you and your family’s health. Professional waste removal is an important step in keeping your family safe after an exclusion.

Oil Stains

Pests, like rats, have oily fur that can stain surfaces in your home. This can ruin surfaces in your home and is commonly seen around entry points used by the pests. Additionally, these stains have been known to attract other pests, as they mark potential points of entry for other critters.

Structural Damage

Wild animals may cause further damage to make a nest, or even to travel throughout your home. They may gnaw on support beams or scratch up wooden surfaces. Rodents like rats, mice, and squirrels like to burrow through fiberglass insulation to go into the walls. This can create drafts and cause your energy bills to rise.

Damage to Stored Items

Items stored in the attic are often damaged or destroyed by pest animals. They usually dig through boxes and bags for scraps of cloth or paper to built nests. This can ruin stored items. These items may be soiled by urine or waste from the animals as well. Proper disposal of damaged or soiled items is essential to cleaning up your home after exclusion.

New York/New Jersey Wildlife Removal Inc.offers repair and clean up services for homes and businesses after wild animal exclusion. For more information regarding our cleaning and repair services, click here.
We specialize in the humane removal of birds, rats, and other pests in the New York/New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-962-0376 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

AC damage from Wild Animals

It can be hard to deal with the summer heat without your AC. Unfortunately, AC ducts can be a good place for wild animals to hide out in. This article will explore the ways that wildlife can break into your ducts, and the type of damage they can cause. 

Dens in the Ducts

Rats, mice, raccoons, and more can find their way into your duct work, one way or the other. What’s worse, they may even set up camp. When an animal dens in your duct work, your AC can blow all sorts of smells and disease-ridden particles through your home. Scat, urine, fur, smells, and more can blow through your ducts and out into the rest of the home. Your air filters can only stop so much.
While nesting in your HVAC ducts can be a problem, a dead animal can be worse. It is not uncommon for animals to seek shelter in which to pass away. A dead animal in your ducts can create many of the above problems, while also bringing with it the stench of death and decay.

Chewing through Duct Work

Some animals, like mice and rats, can gnaw their way through ducts, or their sealants.This can create gaps for air to flow out. Ultimately, this will lead to drafts, inefficient air flow, and wasted energy.

Outdoor Units

Most central air systems have an outdoor unit on the ground or roof. Snakes, birds, and rodents can use this as a potential den. This can create issues such as damaged fan blades, debris in your unit, and more. Wild animals could damage evaporators or refrigerant systems within the unit, which could have severe consequences for the life of your central air system.

We specialize in the humane removal of snakes, rats, and other pests in the New York New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-962-0376 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

Moles in Your Garden

Moles are pesky diggers. They love to tunnel through lawns and wreak havoc on your garden. Moles will dig small tunnels that can snake across your property and beyond

Identifying Moles

Mole coming out of dirtMoles have short grey fur and grow to be about 18 cm in length. Their tails are short and hairless. Moles dig holes that are not too deep underground, less than a foot below. Mounds and ridges on the surface of the ground can help reveal where the tunnels are. These mounds will have a volcano-like structure to them.

Fast Diggers

Moles dig very fast for their size, and can tunnel through about 6 meters of dirt per hour. The average mole tunnel complex can support up to about 12 moles living inside. This means that it can be difficult to ensure that a mole problem is dealt with completely, unless done by a professional. Mole tunnels generally sit deeper in the ground than voles, usually about 10-12 inches below the surface.

Mole Diet

Moles will eat worms, bugs, and seeds within the ground, but will generally not eat plant roots or bulbs. They will eat bugs that can be helpful to gardens, such as earthworms. While they usually won’t bother garden plants, it can be hard to effectively seed while they are around, as they may eat newly planted seeds.

We specialize in the humane removal of groundhogs, squirrels, and other pests in the New York New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-962-0376 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

Why Do We Celebrate Groundhog Day?

People love watching to see if their local groundhog sees its shadow on February 2nd, but why do we have this odd tradition? While groundhogs can be a pain to gardeners, they are celebrated across the US for their apparent ability to foresee the coming of Spring weather. So why do Americans celebrate Groundhog Day?


In a small region of Pennsylvania, American settlers learned how to survive the new frontier from the Delaware Indians. The Native Americans had a tradition which celebrated the woodchuck, which they believed to have a strong connection with “mother earth.” According to their traditions, humanity originated as animals underground, who emerged from the Earth. Because of this, the natives recognized groundhogs to be closely connected with humanity’s ancestors. This legend became popular amongst white settlers, who continued the tradition. Groundhog day was established in the town of Punxsutawney in 1887. Since then, a groundhog named Punxsutawney Phil would be the center of a town-wide festival.


According to tradition, if Phil sees his shadow, he is startled back to his hole for another six weeks of winter. If he does not see his shadow, it means that spring has arrived. While this is just tradition, people around the country await the predictions of Punxsutawney Phil and other local zoo-dwelling groundhogs.

Groundhogs in Your Yard

Groundhogs in your yard can be a big problem, shadow or not. Groundhogs can wreak havoc on gardens and flowers. They like to burrow below sheds and disturb foundations. Holes left by groundhogs can be dangerous tripping hazards. If you have a groundhog living on your property, you should hire a humane wildlife removal company to remove it. This is especially important during the springtime, as female woodchucks may be caring for young within its burrow.

We specialize in the humane removal of groundhogs, raccoons, and other pests in the New York New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-227-7227 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

5 Ways to Reduce Your Risk of Pest Problems in 2020

Pest animals like rats, squirrels, and raccoons can wreak havoc on your home; but there are a few ways to reduce your risk of animal invasion. This article will explore a few different ways you can improve your defenses against pest problems.

Cleaning Gutters

Gutters fill up with leaves and other debris year-round. This can put pressure on the eaves of the house as gutters get heavier and heavier. Cracks and breaks in the eaves from heavy gutters are the perfect entrance to your attic for critters. By cleaning your gutters regularly, you can reduce the risk of damage to your home; while preventing pests from gaining access to the inside.

Grow Mint in Your Garden

Mint is a natural pest repellent. Mice and many other pests that like to munch on your garden veggies hate the scent of mint. It is a great herb to grow to keep other plants from getting chomped on.

Shed Maintenance

Sheds and other backyard storage can be great real estate for a number of pest animals. Some may want to live inside, while others may burrow under the foundation. Regularly checking your shed for damage can be important to preventing pest problems in the future.

Upgrade Your Garbage Cans

Garbage cans are a source of food for all manner of pests, but mainly opossums and raccoons. Sturdy, hard plastic bins that are rated to be raccoon-proof are a good investment in keeping pest animals away from your home. If they can’t eat your trash, they are less likely to look for shelter near you. Strapping your cans to your fence can also keep pests from knocking them over. Animals like skunks or opossums will generally knock over cans in order to open them up. Homeowners in more heavily wooded areas should have bear-proof garbage cans, if bears are in your area.

Clean Debris Piles

Debris piles from yard work can make excellent dens for unwanted animals. Cleaning these away regularly can help prevent pests like snakes from moving in. Piles that are against the house or shed can provide a good structure for a basic den, and can provide burrowing animals shelter while they dig their way under the foundations.

We specialize in the humane removal of bats, raccoons, and other pests in the New York New Jersey area. For a complete inspection and evaluation please contact us or call us at 718-227-7227 and we will be happy to make an appointment at your convenience.

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